aluminum and copper sulfate reaction

aluminum: aluminum sulfate: hydrogen gas: J. potassium iodide: chlorine gas: potassium chloride: iodine gas . Students add aluminium cooking foil to copper(II) sulfate solution and observe no reaction. Which is the correct balanced equation for copper(II) sulfate + aluminum --> aluminum sulfate + solid copper? I recently did an experiment putting pieces of A l and F e into copper (II) sulfate solution and I noticed when the piece of aluminium was reacting, tiny bubbles were coming out whereas with the piece of iron this didn't happen. react the the sample of aluminum foil and copper sulfate pentahydrate in an aqueous medium sized beaker; stirring frequently. If you put aluminum metal into a solution of Copper (II) Sulfate. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. What type of reaction is this? Mass of Copper(II) Sulfate Pentahydrate, Mass of dry residue/product + Filter Paper, like the color and all in all a good blog, maybe make the pictures a little bigger and fix the "font-background contrast" ;), good lab. Measure out 10 g of Copper 2 Sulfate pentahydrate ( CuSO4. But then our solution bubbled to such an exceeding amount that it overflowed the beaker and spilled all along the counter-top. - Definition & Effects, Common Chemical Reactions and Energy Change, Limiting Reactants & Calculating Excess Reactants, Naming Ionic Compounds: Simple Binary, Transition Metal & Polyatomic Ion Compounds, CLEP Natural Sciences: Study Guide & Test Prep, Middle School Life Science: Tutoring Solution, Holt McDougal Modern Chemistry: Online Textbook Help, Praxis Chemistry (5245): Practice & Study Guide, College Chemistry: Homework Help Resource, CSET Science Subtest II Chemistry (218): Practice & Study Guide, ISEB Common Entrance Exam at 13+ Geography: Study Guide & Test Prep, Holt Science Spectrum - Physical Science with Earth and Space Science: Online Textbook Help, Biological and Biomedical Chemical Reactions II: Oxidation/Reduction. Give three reasons of why the amount of copper that should have formed and the amount of copper that actually formed might be different. Write your names around the edge of a filter paper (so you can claim it later), weight and record the mass in the data table. Remove the filter paper from the funnel and spread it out on a paper towel to dry overnight. By mixing these two solutions together, it produces two new compounds, Aluminum Hydroxide and Sodium Sulfate. Include state symbols. Answer to: Write a balanced equation for the reaction of copper sulfate with aluminum. What type of reaction is this? Then sodium chloride is added and dissolved. Oxidation: Al(s) → Al3+(aq)+ 3e−. {/eq}SO{eq}_4 I think it was part of the bare aluminium that was reacting with water producing hydrogen gas but I'm not sure. {eq}\rm 2 \ Al \ _{(s)} \ + \ 3 \ CuSO_4 \ _{(aq)} \ \rightarrow \ Al_2(SO_4)_3 \ _{(aq)} \ + \ 3 \ Cu \ _{(s)}\\ And why? Which is the correct balanced equation for copper(II) sulfate + aluminium --> aluminium sulfate + solid copper? Our experts can answer your tough homework and study questions. An example will be the otherwise. A vigorous displacement reaction occurs and the solution gets very hot, aluminium dissolves and red copperis visible. Upon returning the next day, weigh the filter paper and dry residue and record the mass in the data table. This reaction is a single-displacement reaction because one species (Al) substitutes for another element (Cu) in a substance to produce a new compound. Services, Single-Displacement Reaction: Definition & Examples, Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. Use the filter paper and your funnel to filter the residue in the beaker, catching the filtrate into the Erlenmeyer flask provided. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree, Get access to this video and our entire Q&A library. Include state symbols. Include state symbols. Straighten up your area. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal Stirring frequently allow the reaction to occur until you can't see anymore aluminum. Carefully weigh out the powder to weight between 0.4-0.7 grams. Aluminum & Copper II sulfate Redox Lab Introduction: The purpose of this lab is to find out the number of grams of copper that will be formed from an oxidation reduction reaction when you know the mass of Aluminum that reacted with a known amount of copper 2 sulfate pentahydrate and to compare this to the actual yield of copper. {/eq}){eq}_3 Jasmine, Ashley, and Courtney's Chem Reports! Calculate the percent yield of the experiment. For the reaction we show them in the aqueous state. We performed the lab according to everything we were supposed to do, but we missed one minor detail. 78.1g Cu = (actual)/4.3 Al2(SO4)3 = 335.83. Construct a Data Table with the following parts: Mass of dry residue/product + Filter Paper, 3CuSO4(s) + 2Al(s) --> 3Cu + Al2(SO4)3(s). We have learned a valuable lesson from this mistake and we would advise that you learn from our mistake as well and not make it yourself. This reaction that I found online produces a salt and an oxide from a salt and an oxide. When solid Ni metal is put into an aqueous... Synthesis Reaction: Definition, Formula & Examples, Double Displacement Reaction: Definition & Examples, The Activity Series: Predicting Products of Single Displacement Reactions, Decomposition Reaction: Definition & Examples, Combination Reaction: Definition & Examples, Combustion Reaction: Definition & Examples, Writing and Balancing Combustion Reactions, Biochemical Reactions: Synthesis and Decomposition, Rate of a Chemical Reaction: Effect of Temperature, What Is a Chemical Reaction? add 80 ml of water to the beaker; set up apparatus to heat your mixture over a Bunsen burner to begin heating. {/eq}) and copper metal are produced. All rights reserved. Reactions wherein one element or species substituted for another element or entity in a compound, producing a new compound and removing the replaced element, are referred to as single-displacement reactions. measure amount of copper sulfate pentahydrate. Explanation: The reaction would be the following : 2Al(s) +3CuSO4(aq) → Al2(SO4)3(aq) +3Cu(s) This is an oxidation-reduction reaction were electrons are transferred from Aluminum Al which get oxidized to Copper Cu2+ which gets reduced. Record the mass exactly into the data table (thousandths place). Al2O3 + 6NaCl -> 2AlCl3 + 3Na2O. Again the aluminium doesn't react with copper sulfate due to the oxide layer. What type of reaction is this? Displacement reaction only happens when the element is more reactive than the salt solution. The Sodium Sulfate is soluble and … Then slowly add the crystals to the heating water. {/eq}) reacts with aluminum (Al) metal, aluminum(III) sulfate (Al{eq}_2 The purpose of this lab is to determine the number of grams of copper that will be produced from an oxidation reduction reaction when you know the mass of Aluminum that reacted with a known amount of copper 2 sulfate pentahydrate and to compare this to the actual yield of copper. If … Subtract the filter paper from the dry residue/product in the data table below. maybe have a safety list or procedure. < > 15. What is the reducing agent and what is the oxidizing agent? At first the lab seemed fine and everything was going according to what was said would be done. 5.6 Reduction of Cu 2+ by Aluminum. © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. When copper sulfate ({eq}\rm CuSO_4 Write a balanced equation for the reaction of copper sulfate with aluminum. Both sulfate salts are soluble in water while aluminum and copper exist as solids. We have learned to properly read directions and properly weigh the material placed in the concoction. Answer to: Write a balanced equation for the reaction of copper sulfate with aluminum. Subjects: Oxidation/Reduction, Net ionic equations Description: When a ball of aluminum foil is placed in a copper solution with chloride ions, the copper ions are reduced to copper metal and a coating of copper is seen on the surface of the aluminum.

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